After the Babylonian captivity, during the time of Nehemiah, the city subsided to 30 acres with a population of 4,500.
In the Hasmonean era, Jerusalem initially grew to 165 acres and 35,000 people and during Herod’s reign, an estimated 40,000 people lived in a 230-acre territory.
But her growth did not stop there.
Continuing through the Roman period, Jerusalem doubled in size to 450 acres with an estimated population of 80,000 or more.
After the Muslim invasion, the numbers shrank to 55-60,000 residents.
As of 2017, the city population sits at 901,302, with the metropolitan district at 1,253,900 and the land area is 252 square miles (48 miles – city alone).
Under the Davidic reign (1011-971 BC), the establishment of Jerusalem as the central capitol was geographically strategic for the united kingdom of Israel.
Furthermore, when David brings the Ark of the Covenant from Shiloh to Jerusalem, the city now becomes more than a political location.
It became the merger of the Mosaic era to the Davidic, forming a unity of the religious and the legal rule of Israel.
When David’s son takes the throne (971-931 BC), the kingdom will ride on the wave that David drew them together upon.
Though limited by God to build the Temple in Jerusalem, David prepared everything his son Solomon would need to construct the finest building ever seen.
King Solomon also built some of the most comprehensive structural additions to the city in the palace complex, which was composed of residences, a justice hall, a throne room and arsenal storage.
The Temple took 7 years to finish and the palace complex, an additional 13 years.
However, Solomon used forced labor among the people of Israel to accomplish this, among several other architectural endeavors.
Seeds of rebellion were sown and upon the passing of Solomon, the kingdom of Israel divided into a lingering civil war.
Solomon’s son, Rehoboam, was the rightful heir to the throne, while Jeroboam, son of Nebat contested from the north.
Thus became the divided kingdom of Judah and North Israel.